CIOs plays vital role in adapting new technologies in the organizations with technical know-how, keeping organizations’ goals and customer’s requirements in mind. Many surveys have revealed that 65% of CEOs, in their strategies, prefer CIO/ CTO as the most dynamic role in strategic management and technology adoption.
Implementation of cloud or cloud migration is an uphill task and CIOs takeaway from the constant drumbeat of cloud migration have many challenges, thus require a strategy and road map to make it successful.
Cloud Strategy Planning
Enterprise architecture and technology innovation leaders accountable for devising a cloud strategy should:
Many organizations fail to differentiate a cloud strategy with a cloud implementation plan (also known as a cloud adoption plan or cloud migration plan). However, a cloud strategy must come first. It's the decision phase in which organizations must decide the role that cloud computing will play - if any - in their organization. A cloud implementation plan comes next, putting the cloud strategy into effect.
Strategic planning starts at the top of the organization (from the CEO and board of directors) and describes the organization's vision. A cloud strategy is part of the next level down in the organization's three-layer strategic planning architecture with other strategic plans, such as the data center strategy, security strategy and architecture strategy. Below is a plethora of activities as part of cloud roadmap that leaders initiate:
Cloud Center of Excellence (CCoE)
Gartner defines CCoE as a “centralized enterprise architecture function that leads and governs cloud computing adoption within an organization”, through which CIOs communicate what their vision is. It’s a team with responsibility to develop a framework for the organization’s cloud operations. CCoE governs the IT infrastructure and builds out best practices throughout the business.
In IT parlance, a CCoE is as similar to the DevOps team of an organization. CCoE ensures IT teams compliant with cloud optimization practices. A CCoE is responsible for developing and managing the cloud strategy, governance, and best practices that the rest of the organization can leverage to transform the business using the cloud. Key principles of CCoE are:
Three pillars of CCoE
Gartner unveils three pillars, as the most vital, for establishing a CCoE:
Objectives of CCoE:
Key objectives include:
According to a survey conducted by AWS, 83% of organizations reveled that CCoE is effective; and 96 % believe they would benefit from a CCoE. Key benefits include:
Cloud First to Cloud Smart
Adoption of cloud first lowered the burden of managing infrastructure off of the hands of employees and freed them up to focus on essential tasks. It’s more resilient compared to on-prem. Organizations can easily spin up new environments to meet a global customer base, versus setting up a whole new datacenter.
However, many organizations have realized that Cloud-First is not enough as it’s hard to resist putting all your applications in the public cloud because of heavy workload, which are suitable for on-prem or private cloud infrastructure. It is evident that Cloud-First approach helps organizations to migrate all applications to the cloud, starting with the easiest ones first. However, a Cloud-Smart strategy allows to get into the cloud irrespective of complexity of the application.
Instead of migrating all applications to cloud, a cloud-smart approach allows organizations to take a strategic look at what infrastructure will best serve each workload. 60% of organizations show interest towards replacing their existing cloud strategy with Cloud Smart, according to Gartner report.
Cloud Smart strategy is developed on three components i.e. Security, Procurement and Workforce, which collectively, exemplify the interdisciplinary approach to IT modernization that the enterprise needs in order to provide improved return on investments, enhanced security, and higher quality services to its customers.
Best practices for Cloud Smart